An urban native woodland is a woodland in the urban area with all plant species being native.

In the open area of ZCB, there is the first urban native woodland in Hong Kong. With 220 native trees of over 40 different species and diverse array of native shrubs, the woodland covers an area of about 2,000m2, or 13% of the total ZCB site area.

The diversity of native species enhances biodiversity, providing food and shelter to attract native wildlife into the city. This woodland creates a high quality ecosystem embedded in a built-up area of the city, benefitting both wildlife and people.

The species in the urban native woodland are chosen based on four cardinal criteria: (1) diversity of species composition; (2) diversity of tree grown size and form; (3) suitability food and shelter for native wildlife; and (4) suitability as ornamental flowers or fruits.

The planting pattern is random to best emulate the natural woodland, where small trees are interspersed amongst medium and large trees, creating a dense tree canopy when mature. Some trees with ornamental traits have been selected to improve visual amenity.

This woodland not only offers a pleasant natural aroma and fresh oxygen, but it also removes gaseous and particulate air pollutants to improve air quality.

Types of vegetation that can be found in ZCB include:

  • Trees

    • Alangium chinense
    • Antidesma bunius
    • Aquilaria sinensis
    • Artocarpus hypargyreus
    • Bauhinia blakeana
    • Bauhinia purpurea
    • Bauhinia variegata
    • Bischofia javanica
    • Bridelia tomentosa
    • Camellia crapnelliana
    • Camellia granthamiana
    • Camellia hongkongensis
    • Castanopsis fissa
    • Cassia siamea
    • Cassia surattensis
    • Celtis sinensis
    • Cinnamomum burmannii
    • Cinnamomum camphora
    • Cleistocalyx operculatus
    • Cratoxylum cochinchinense
    • Dalbergia balansae
    • Elaeocarpus chinensis
    • Elaeocarpus decipiens
    • Ficus microcarpa
    • Ficus superba var. japonica
    • Ficus variolosa
    • Ficus variegata
    • Ficus virens var. sublanceolata
    • Garcinia oblongifolia
    • Hibiscus tiliaceus
    • Ilex rotunda var. microcarpa
    • Lagerstroemia speciosa
    • Liquidambar formosana
    • Litsea cubeba
    • Litsea glutinosa
    • Machilus breviflora
    • Machilus chekiangensis
    • Machilus chinensis
    • Machilus velutina
    • Manglietia fordiana
    • Osmanthus fragrans
    • Plumeria rubra var. acutifolia
    • Pyrus calleryana
    • Reevesia thyrsoidea
    • Rhodoleia championii
    • Sapium sebiferum
    • Schefflera heptaphylla
    • Schima superba
    • Sterculia lanceolata
    • Syzygium hancei
    • Tabebuia impetiginosa
    • Tutcheria spectabilis
    • Viburnum odoratissimum
  • Shrubs

    • Ficus microcarpa 'Golden Leaves'
    • Gardenia jasminoides
    • Gardenia jasminoides var. fortuniana
    • Gordonia axillaris
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (red)
    • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (yellow)
    • Hymenocallis littoralis
    • Ixora chinensis
    • Ligustrum sinense
    • Loropetalum chinense f. rubrum
    • Melastoma candidum
    • Melastoma sanguineum
    • Monstera deliciosa
    • Murraya paniculata
    • Osmanthus fragrans 'sijigui'
    • Philodendron scandens
    • Pittosporum tobira
    • Rhapis excelsa
    • Rhaphiolepis indica
    • Rhododendron simsii
    • Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
    • Schefflera arboricola 'Variegata'
    • Phragmites australis
  • Groundcover

    • Arachis duranensis
    • Asparagus densiflorus cv. 'Myers'
    • Asparagus densiflorus 'Sprengeri'
    • Buxus sinica
    • Dianella ensifolia 'Silvery Stripe'
    • Juniperus horizontalis
    • Liriope spicata
    • Neottopteris nidus
    • Nephrolepis auriculata
    • Ophiopogon japonicus 'Variegata'
    • Sansevieria trifasciata 'Laurentii'
    • Syngonium podophyllum 'Variegata'
  • Lawn

    • Paspalum vaginatum
    • Zoysia japonica
    • Axonopus compressus
  • Climber

    • Ficus pumila